Norway - Country Profile

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Tags: Norway

Country Outline

  • GDP: 353,704 mil. euros (Eurostat 2017)
  • GDP per Capita: 67,000 euros (Eurostat 2017)
  • Areas of Marked S&T Specialisations: Arctic research, climate change, public health, marine and maritime
  • activities, petroleum technology, and renewable energy

Contact Information

  • Organisation: The Royal Norwegian Embassy
  • Name / Position: Ms. Jannicke Witso / First Secretary
  • Phone no. / e-mail: (+82) 10-5284-8197 / Jannicke.Witso@mfa.no

Norway aims to occupy a strong position internationally in terms of new technology, skills and knowledge. In several areas, Norway can offer unique competence and research opportunities. Our strengths are largely related to the country’s geography, economic specialisation patterns and institutional characteristics.

Research is of decisive importance for Norway, ensuring that the country is a knowledge-based and innovative society, well positioned for future changes. Norway has 38 higher education institutions, including 9 universities, and a number of independent research institutes. The Norwegian Government acknowledges the international nature of science, and is thus committed to increasing the internationalisation of Norwegian research.

The key goals for Norwegian research policy is to support ground-breaking and high quality research, to develop world-leading research capabilities, to foster innovation in industry, and to stimulate increased investments in research in businesses.

1. Policies and Strategies in Science, Technology and Innovation

The Ministry of Education and Research is the main policy-making body responsible for research and innovation in Norway. They also responsible for setting the long-term strategies and objectives for Norwegian research.

Norway adopted its first long-term plan for research and higher education in 2014. The plan runs until 2024, and outlines three primary objectives for Norwegian science the coming years:

  • To strengthen competitiveness and innovation capacity.
  • To solve major challenges to society.
  • To develop high-quality research groups.

The exploitation of natural resources has had a profound impact on our innovation and research profile. Hence, Norway has strong traditions within marine and maritime research, petroleum research and energy research in general. More recently, special priority is given to research related to renewable energy, and carbon capture and storage. Norway also ranks among the world leaders in polar research.

Specifically, the Government's long-term plan states that it will increase allocations to research and development activity (R&D) in six long-term priority areas:

  • the oceans;
  • climate change, the environment and environment-friendly energy;
  • public sector renewal and higher quality, more efficient welfare, health and care services;
  • enabling technologies;
  • an innovative, adaptable private sector;
  • world-class research groups.

International cooperation is a prerequisite for carrying out top world research. Norway participate actively in Horizon 2020 European research and innovation programme and have put in place instruments for increased Norwegian participation in Horizon 2020. In addition, the Government works systematically to reinforce cooperation with expert communities in important countries outside the EU. Prioritised countries include North America, Japan, China, India, Brazil and South-Africa.

On the operational level, the Research Council of Norway (RCN) works to identify overall research needs and proposes priorities. It is the key advisor on research policy issues to the Norwegian Government. Additionally, the Research Council also promotes an integrated R&D system that supplies high-quality research, develops knowledge for dealing with key challenges to society and the business sector, fosters dynamic interaction within the R&D system nationally and internationally, and creates a framework for learning, application and innovation. The Research Council seeks to strengthen the international position of Norwegian research, and works to promote high-calibre research and research as a cultural, value-creating force that fuels development.

The Norwegian Centre for International Cooperation in Education (SIU) is a Norwegian public sector agency reporting to the Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research. SIU supports international cooperation between higher education institutions in Norway and abroad through different programmes. The programmes have different target countries and aims, but in general their main aim is to contribute to increased quality in educational programmes through international cooperation and mobility of students and staff.

2. National Programmes and Initiatives

List of National Programmes open to the world

Programme Title


High North Programme

  •    Programme definition: The High North Programme supports collaboration between higher education institutions in Norway and institutions in Canada, China, Japan, Russia, the Republic of Korea and the United States in order to increase knowledge about the High North.
  •    Cooperation Type: Joint research and educational cooperation
  •    Funding Organisation: Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) and administered by the Norwegian Centre for International Cooperation in Education (SIU).
  •    Call Opening/Closing Date: A new call for applications will be announced during 2018. More information will come during spring 2018.
  •    Project Duration: It is expected that the programme will support both long-term (4 years) and short-term (2 years) project cooperation.

Research Council of Norway Programme

  • Most RCN programmes are open to, and indeed encourage, international partners in funded projects.

 3. Joint Activities with Korea

Programme Title


Korea-Norway Arctic Science Cooperation Seminar

  •    Activity outline: The Korea-Norway Arctic Science Cooperation Seminar was a joint collaboration between the Korea Polar Research Institute (KOPRI) and the Norwegian Embassy. In the seminar, participants were invited to take a closer look at how future developments in the Arctic will be guided by knowledge, responsibility, international cooperation and respect for universal values and principles.
  •    December 13 2017, at Busan Port International Passenger Terminal Convention Centre
  •    Major discussions regarded Arctic geoscience, Arctic ecosystems, and remote sensing for environmental monitoring
  •    Target Participants: The academic community

High North Programmes

  •    In relation to the High North Programme (2013-2018), Norwegian institutions have several ongoing collaboration projects with Korean partners, including:
    - WaterMagic - Water Management in Cold Climates (-2019, NMBU)
    - Norway-Korea Consortium for Arctic Subsea Operations (NOKRAS) (-2018, NTNU)
    - Fishery and Aquaculture Technology in Cold Climate Region (-2018, UiS)

4. Others

Key Research Organisations and Companies

Organisation Name

Detailed information

Research Council of Norway

  •    Organisation type: Research Funding Organisation
  •    Norwegian contact point for international research and innovation programmes and networks (including H2020, JPI, COST, Eureka, EEA funding schemes, Nordic cooperation and others)
  •    Major Activities with Republic of Korea: Grants, research and innovation programmes
  •    Contact Information: post@forskningsradet.no
  •    https://www.forskningsradet.no/en/Home_page/1177315753906; post@forskningsradet.no
  •    RCN has signed a MoU with National Research Foundation of Korea on joint research and exchange, as well as other cooperative programmes

Norwegian Centre for International Cooperation in Education


  •    Organisation type: Public sector agency
  •    Future Plans/Strategy: promoting international cooperation at all levels of education
  •    Contact Information: post@siu.no

Universities in Norway

Innovation Norway


  •    Organisation type: governmental agency
  •    Major Research Area/Product: Start-ups, growth companies and clusters, internationalisation, sustainability
  •    Major Activities with Republic of Korea: Country office in Seoul arranging several activities throughout the year
  •    Future Plans/Strategy: Ocean space and clean energy
  •    Contact Information: seoul@innovationnorway.no

Edited and published by the Delegation of the European Union to the Republic of Korea: https://eeas.europa.eu/delegations/south-korea/50611/node/50611_el